Central Florida’s mild climate and extensive coastline provides prime habitat for large gull populations year-round. Stable temperatures averaging 70°F (21°C) allow successful breeding. Abundant beaches, islands, bays, and inland lakes offer nesting sites.
Coastal cities like Tampa, Clearwater, Orlando, and Cape Canaveral provide plentiful food waste sources. Gulls adapt readily to human-populated areas. Developed landscapes near the ocean provide them with food and nesting resources.
As opportunistic scavengers, gulls thrive on readily available organic waste. Their high fertility, rapid growth, and lack of natural predators allows numbers to quickly escalate. Ongoing management is required to control overpopulated gulls drawn to central Florida’s urbanized coasts.