While rats themselves tend to avoid humans, they can transmit dangerous diseases through their urine, droppings, bites, or scratches. Rats are known carriers of leptospirosis, a bacteria that can lead to liver and kidney damage. Protect yourself by wearing gloves and avoiding contact with rats or their bodily fluids.
Rat droppings also contain harmful bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Ingesting anything contaminated by rat feces can cause severe gastrointestinal distress or fever. Be vigilant about cleaning up after rats, especially around food prep areas. When disposing of rat droppings, protect yourself with a mask and gloves.
Rat bites, while uncommon, carry risk of bacterial infection. Promptly wash any rat bites with soap and warm water, applying antibiotic ointment after. Look for signs of infection like redness, swelling, drainage, or fever and contact a doctor if they develop. The best prevention is sealing up any entry points and removing food sources to deter rats from inhabiting your property. While rats tend to avoid confrontation, caution is warranted around them.