Scientific Name
Pituophis melanoleucus
Also Known As
Bullsnake, Eastern Pine Snake
Most of Florida except in the South
Small Rodents, Rabbits, Possums, Birds
Life Expectancy
15 Years
The Pinesnake

Photo 20927603 © bobbyfingers, CC BY-NC

Pinesnake conservation status - Vulnerable

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This Snake is Not Venomous

Pinesnakes in Central Florida

The eastern pinesnake (Pituophis melanoleucus) is a large, powerful constrictor endemic to the southeastern United States. Often confused with other colubrids, the eastern pinesnake is distinguished by its size, color pattern, and habitat. This comprehensive guide provides detailed identification tips, biology facts, and information about eastern pinesnakes in central Florida.

Read on to learn pinesnake habits, reproduction, diet, health risks, signs of activity, and professional removal options if encountered on your property.

Appearance and Identification

Eastern pinesnakes can be identified from other snakes by their physical characteristics at both juvenile and adult stages

Adult Pinesnake

Photo 136053367 © Yasuhiko Komatsu, CC BY-NC

Adult Pinesnakes

  • Size: Adults average 4-6 feet (1.2-1.8 m) long. Large specimens can reach up to 7 feet (2.1 m).
  • Color: The ground color lightens to pale yellow or tan. The dorsal blotches fade to reddish-brown and the belly darkens to gray.
  • Head: Bold black lines extend posteriorly from each eye and white or yellow spots speckle the snout.
  • Scales: The dorsal scales are weakly keeled giving a slightly rough texture. The ventral scales are smooth.
juvenile Pinesnake

Photo 15548200 © bobbyfingers, CC BY-NC

Juvenile Pinesnakes

  • Size: Hatchlings average 14-22 inches (35-55 cm) long.
  • Color: Juveniles have a gray or tan ground color with dark brown blotches along the back that form bands on the tail. The belly is white or yellowish.
  • Head: Distinctive white or yellow lines extend back from each eye along the head.