Scientific Name
Quiscalus quiscula
Also Known As
Crow Blackbird, Maize Thief
All of Florida
Insects, Fish, Frogs, Eggs, Grains, Fruit
Life Expectancy
5 - 12 Years
The Grackle

Photo 267449839 © michieldewit, CC BY-NC

Grackle conservation status - Least Concern

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Grackles in Central Florida

The common grackle (Quiscalus quiscula) is a ubiquitous bird found throughout central Florida. Often considered a nuisance, grackles are highly adaptable and thrive in urban and suburban environments.

This comprehensive guide provides detailed identification tips, biology facts, and control methods for grackles in central Florida. Read on to learn grackle habits, reproduction, diet, health risks, signs of infestation, and professional mitigation options if you have an overabundance on your property.

Subspecies of Grackle in the Area

Appearance and Identification

Grackles can be identified in both juvenile and adult plumages by their distinctive physical characteristics

Adult Grackle

Photo 199729235 © Peter Taylor, CC BY-NC

Adult Grackles

  • Size: Adults reach 11-13 inches (28-33 cm) long including the tail, weighing 3.4-5 ounces (96-142 grams).
  • Plumage: Adult males are iridescent black overall with glossy purplish-blue heads. Females are smaller and less glossy than males.
  • Tail: The tail is keel-shaped and long in adults, about 5 inches (13 cm).
  • Eyes: Bright yellow eyes in adults compared to the brown juvenile eye color.
  • Bill: Long, pointed bill in adults. The culmen is flattened.
  • Legs: Robust pinkish-brown legs with sharp claws adapted for perching.