Florida Brownsnake

Scientific Name
Storeria dekayi victas
Also Known As
Florida Brown Snake
Range
All of Florida except the Panhandle
Diet
Soft-Bodied Invertabrates, Lizards, Tree Frogs
Life Expectancy
7 Years
The Florida Brownsnake

Photo 38382250 © Janson Jones, CC BY-NC

Eastern Coral Snake conservation status - Least Concern

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This Snake is Not Venomous

Florida Brownsnakes in Central Florida

The Florida Brownsnake (Storeria dekayi victa) is a small, nonvenomous colubrid snake native to Florida. Often confused with the redbelly snake (Storeria occipitomaculata), the Florida Brownsnake can be identified by its brown dorsal scales, faint lateral stripes, and reddish-orange belly. This adaptable snake thrives in urban and suburban habitats across central Florida. Read on to learn about the biology, behavior, habitat, and identification of the Florida Brownsnake, along with tips for coexistence and prevention of accidental encounters.

Appearance and Identification

The Florida Brownsnake can be distinguished from look-alike species by the following characteristics

Adult Florida Brownsnake

Adult Florida Brownsnake

  • Size: Adults average 10-14 inches (25-36 cm) long. The record length is 20 inches (51 cm).
  • Color: Adults are various shades of brown, tan or gray dorsally with two faint darker stripes on the sides. The belly is yellowish to pinkish.
  • Scales: There are 15-17 dorsal scale rows at midbody. The anal plate is divided.
  • Head: The adult head is narrow with a pointed snout ending in a rounded jaw. The large eyes have round pupils.
juvenile Florida Brownsnake

Photo 92147445 © Rachel Rainbolt, CC BY-NC

Juvenile Florida Brownsnake

  • Size: Hatchlings measure around 4-6 inches (10-15 cm) long. They reach 8-10 inches (20-25 cm) as juveniles before their first winter dormancy.
  • Color: Juveniles have gray or tan dorsal scales with faint brown lateral stripes bordered by black dots. The venter is pinkish-gray.