The eastern indigo snake inhabits a range of habitats in Florida and Georgia, concentrated in peninsular Florida. Central Florida provides optimal habitat due to its mosaic of upland ecosystems including pine flatwoods, scrubby flatwoods, longleaf pine-xeric oak sandhills, and agricultural areas.
These habitats share sandy, well-drained soils and a mix of open sandy areas and dense underbrush. The diverse habitats provide the full range of eastern indigo snake needs – heavy brush and burrows for cover and nesting, and open areas for thermoregulation and hunting. The mild winters and hot, humid summers also suit these cold-intolerant snakes.
However, habitat loss to development has reduced and fragmented the snake’s natural range. Conservation of intact ecosystems is vital for the indigo snake’s survival.